Schizophrenia And Schizoaffective Disorder

Schizophrenia is mental disorder characterized by disruptions in thought processes, perceptions, emotional responsiveness, and social interactions. Schizoaffective Disorder is when an individual has symptoms of both Schizophrenia and a mood disorder (either Major Depression and Bipolar Disorder).  Both Schizophrenia and Schizoaffective Disorder are lifelong diagnoses that require ongoing treatment. 

Symptoms of Schizophrenia include:

  • Delusions
  • Hallucinations
  • Disorganized thoughts, speech and/or behavior

Symptoms of Schizoaffective Disorder are the same as Schizophrenia but also include either (or both)

  • Depression
  • Mania

Treatment for schizophrenia usually involves a combination of intensive psychotherapy and medication tailored to the individual’s needs.  Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is the clinical intervention that has had the most effective outcome for individuals with Schizophrenia and Schizoaffective Disorder.  CBT involves challenging or reframing illogical thoughts or maladaptive behaviors so that the individual can improve daily functioning and mood.

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